新清史的一些理论值得蒙古人关注，譬如汉化与涵化的差别。欧立德等新清史论者认为，满族经过汉化过程之后并没有完全同化成汉人，保留了满族的民族认同和文化心理。这对于重新认识中国少数民族的汉化问题非常有启发，张海洋等学者曾一针见血地指出，“第二代民族政策”观点立论于假如利用中国转型前最后阶段的维稳强制力，就可以加速中华民族的政治认同，完成民族融合的进程，造成既成事实。然而，如果汉化是个century long process，甚至有可能做成涵化的“夹生饭 ”，弄出一大堆说汉语、通汉俗的异类，就像台湾不认同中国的绿营，那么非但民族同化的目标难以达成，而且会在相当长历史时期升高社会冲突的成本。
The Return of the Native: The Debate over a "Second-Generation" Ethnic Policy
The last few years have seen a vigorous public policy debate emerge in China over the need for a “second-generation” ethnic policy (第二代民族政策). This debate is remarkable for two reasons. First, despite the fact that nationalities policy is a notoriously sensitive subject within China, the debate is happening openly, in the pages of academic journals and on the Internet. A second remarkable feature is the degree to which anthropological theory and a comparative framework have come to shape the debate. This paper first explores the main positions in the current policy discussion; it then goes on to argue that, rather than comparing China’s non-Han peoples to minority immigrant populations in the industrialized democracies, the better comparison is to aboriginal peoples in those places. It concludes with a consideration of the implications of this deficit in the present debate.
Mark C. Elliott is the Mark Schwartz Professor of Chinese and Inner Asian History in the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at Harvard University, chair of Harvard's PhD Committee in History and East Asian Languages, and Director of the Fairbank Center for Chinese Studies. After several years of study and archival research in Taiwan, China, and Japan, he earned his PhD in History from the University of California, Berkeley in 1993, where he worked under Frederic Wakeman. A leading figure in what is sometimes called the “New Qing History,” he is best known for his influential study, The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnicity in Late Imperial China (Stanford, 2001), based on previously untouched Manchulanguage sources. His newest book is Emperor Qianlong: Son of Heaven, Man of the World (Longman, 2009), which will appear in Chinese translation later this year.
The nationality regional autonomy system and its securitization: on the Chinese regime of ‘Mutual Deprivation’
RSAP Distinguished Visiting Fellow Public Lecture
Speaker： Dr. Uradyn E. Bulag, University of Cambridge
Venue：Lecture Theatre 1, Hedley Bull Centre (130), corner of Garran Road and Liversidge Street, ANU
Date：Thursday, 19 September, 2013 - 17:00 to 19:00
The ongoing and intensifying debates about so-called ‘China’s Second-Generation Nationality Policy’ reveal an underlying structural problem of China’s Nationality Regional Autonomy system. The debates have not only divided the Chinese political leaders and intellectuals into two opposing camps, they have equally splintered ethnic minorities. On the Chinese side, defenders of the existing nationality policy maintain that the Nationality Regional Autonomy is one of the three cornerstones of the Chinese socialist state system; whereas its antagonists insist that the system has done disservice to the Chinese nation, and is posing a threat to China’s sovereignty. On the minority side, its supporters argue that it is the half-hearted implementation of the system that belies the current ethnic problem, thereby demanding its full implementation. Its opponents, however, insist that the system itself has destroyed the fabric of nationalities whose existence can only be guaranteed by instituting an altogether different autonomy system or, better, by establishing their own states, to ensure ethnic survival. The paper seeks to understand the profound sense of mutual deprivation that the system has engendered for both the Chinese state and its ethnic minorities. This will be done through analysing the built-in tensions in the original institutional design of the nationality regional autonomy.
Dr. Uradyn E. Bulag is Reader in Social Anthropology at Cambridge University. He is an outstanding and leading mid-career scholar with a strong interdisciplinary approach. His interests broadly span East Asia and Inner Asia, especially China and Mongolia, Mongolia-Tibet interface, nationalism and ethnic conflict, diplomacy, geopolitics, historiography and statecraft. Co-founder and co-Editor of Inner Asia since 1999, which is a very stimulating academic journal in the field of Inner and Central Asia, he has recently initiated Brill’s Inner Asia Archive series. His analysis on China’s minority policy and Mongolian nationalism is innovative and sharp, and his most recent book Collaborative Nationalism: The Politics of Friendship on China’s Mongolian Frontier (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield) won the ICAS 2011 Social Sciences Book Prize (http://www.icassecretariat.org/icas-book-prize-2011-winners). His two earlier books The Mongols at China’s Edge: History and the Politics of National Unity (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002) and Nationalism and Hybridity in Mongolia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998) are also much cited books in the fields of China’s ethnic studies and studies of Mongolia. He is also the co-editor of The Mongolia-Tibet Interface: Opening New Research Terrains in Inner Asia (with Hildegard Diemberger) (Leiden: Brill, 2007), and The Thirteenth Dalai Lama on the Run (1904 – 1906): Archival Documents from Mongolia. Leiden: Brill (with S. Chuluun) (Leiden: Brill, 2013). E-mail: email@example.com
A reception will be held at 5:00pm and the lecture will begin at 5:30pm. This is a registered event, for catering purposes please go to http://rsappubliclecture.eventbrite.com.au?s=16988959 by Wednesday 18th of September to register your interest.
This event is sponsored by the Research School of Asia and the Pacific